Some day in December, 1978, Birthplace of Rural Reform — Private Property in Xiaogang Village.
On the night of December 1978, all 18 of Xiaogang’s households met after dark in the biggest house in the village. After a short discussion, they signed or put their thumbprints on a 79-character document agreeing to divide the commune’s land into family plots.
Just what the Pilgrims did, in 1621-1623, in order to avoid starvation. The US socialists like to emphasize the Indians, who were indeed important, but usually ignore the starting communal farming that was failing, and the reversion to private property which succeeded.